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What are the Different Types of Sensors Used in Automobiles?

Lester D'Souza, Auto Tech Outlook | Monday, August 16, 2021

The automobile in future will have numerous sensors transmitting information to electronic control units and making the cars efficient and safe for driving.

FREMONT, CA: Different sorts of sensors can now be used in the design of modern automobiles. These are integrated into the vehicle engine to detect and resolve any issues such as repairs, maintenance, and so on. The sensors in autos will check the vehicle's functionality. The status of how many sensors are employed in a car is even unknown to the vehicle owner.

There are various large sensor companies in the world that can provide consumers with new solutions. Sensors are employed in modern automobiles to detect and respond to changes in the conditions inside and outside the vehicle for passengers to move quickly and efficiently. Companies can improve comfort, efficiency, and safety by utilizing sensor data.

Types of Sensors Used in Automobiles

Automobile sensors are smart sensors that may regulate and process oil pressure, temperature, pollution levels, coolant levels, and other variables. Various types of sensors are utilized in autos but understanding how they function is critical. To understand the function of these sensors, here is a compiled list of some of the most common sensors found in automobiles, which include the following:

Automotive Lidar Sensors

The abbreviation LiDAR stands for Light Detection and Ranging. It's a sensing technology that's becoming more common in vehicles, mainly driverless automobiles.

Traditional vehicles employ lidar sensors to improve safety through devices like the Anti-lock Brake System (ABS). This technology is employed in most Automated MEMS sensors used during Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC), Emergency Brake Assist, and lane change.

Automotive Ultrasonic Sensors

These are usually used in the parking area, assisting in an automobile's safe and convenient parking. Ultrasonic sensors use high-frequency sound pulses.

The objects near the car reflect them. The distance between the vehicle and the object is calculated using the time it takes for the pulses to bounce back. This assists in the calculation of the safest parking distance.

Automotive Proximity Sensors

Vehicle proximity sensors are one type of safety sensor found in automobiles. They alert the driver if the vehicle is about to collide with a wall, curb, or other objects.

Proximity sensors can be found on both the front and back bumpers of a vehicle. The proximity sensors transmit electromagnetic waves, unlike the sonic sensors mentioned here that emit sound waves. The sensors send the waves' data to the computer, which subsequently maps out the region around the car.

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