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Lester D'Souza, Auto Tech Outlook | Thursday, January 27, 2022
Implementing 4.0 technology can optimize production and operational performance in the automotive industry.
FREMONT, CA: Industry 4.0 refers to smart factories in which humans and machines work together in a networked ecosystem. In its most basic form, industry 4.0 is all about data collection, structural organization, and thorough visualization. Data is used to develop actionable answers with little or no human intervention in the most advanced scenarios.
Implementation of Industry 4.0 in the Automotive Industry:
Analytics and Big Data
Car manufacturers may use big data and analytics technologies to appropriately handle, store and analyze data from a variety of IoT sensors on factory floors and equipment, sales department software, and other sources. The technologies may recognize and recover repeating patterns and biases for specific products or services, schedule maintenance for each item and piece of equipment, optimize equipment usage, and much more.
Digital twin and digital thread
A digital twin is a data model of a physical thing, equipment, or asset that is updated in real-time. For instance, one might want to represent a material utilized in vehicle manufacturing, such as a vehicle component, the vehicle itself, or the entire production line. A digital twin of any of these things is a set of parameters that can be tracked in real-time and are important for many operations and transformations.
A digital thread unifies operations around a single collection of data and provides universal access to data. It provides employees with a record of a product or system's life cycle, from conception through use in the real world, encompassing design, fabrication, and manufacture.
Digital twins and digital threading are used in the automotive industry to monitor, simulate, and optimize production, quality control, and operational performance.
Vertical and Horizontal Integration
Horizontal integration guarantees that separate machines, pieces of equipment, or industrial units are connected. Vertical integration also streamlines business data from the sensor to the company's business level. In a Smart Factory, where data is extensively integrated at every stage of the production cycle, both horizontal and vertical integration types are common. It enables factories to respond fast to changes in demand or defects, make appropriate adjustments and customer-specific adaptations, and deal with variations promptly.
Additive Manufacturing Technology (AM), commonly known as 3D printing, allows component prototypes to be created faster and at a lower cost than traditional manufacturing procedures. Tier suppliers, for example, can use AM to swiftly and cheaply make lightweight versions of minor structural components. Manufacturers can simulate all of a component's necessary input parameters before printing it, resulting in a build that costs less and takes less time.
Processes like part positioning, tapping, micro-screwing, and quality monitoring are now considerably automated thanks to robots. Their strength is in adhering to stringent process criteria and controlling highly standardized manufacturing stages. Robots can save up to 80 percent on labor expenditures. At various stages of the automotive production process, self-sufficient machines that manage their tasks without human intervention can be found.
See Also: Top Automotive Solution Companies