Different innovative projects have been undertaken by governments to ensure an emission-free future. As an example, the "Road to Zero" project of the UK government, focused on ensuring the emission-free transport system by 2040, can be mentioned in this respect. Therefore, to fulfill the dream of a safer and better world, some major changes need to be inculcated within the prevailing transport system, and electric vehicles or EVs have turned into an important weapon to achieve this goal. The Center of Automotive Management (CAM) of Germany has predicted globally 2.8 million EVs will be sold in 2019.
With the growing demand for electric vehicles, companies have started to undertake several innovative technological approaches to make these vehicles more user-friendly. The major focus is on the upliftment of the battery technology to enable them with fast-charging capability cutting short the expenditure. Previously, in 2017, developers empowered EVs to cover 200 miles after a single charge, and undoubtedly, in the forthcoming years, further improvements are expected to be introduced. The cost-effective Lithium-ion batteries have become a critical component to ensure cost-effectiveness of the EVs, and these batteries have also enabled the cars to remain relevant in market combating their fossil-fueled counterparts.
Students from the University of NSW have successfully launched their sixth generation solar car, Violet which successfully covered a distance of 4100 km (from Perth to Sydney) at a reasonable expense. This project demands applauds, and interestingly, it has the ability to revamp the conventional concept of electric vehicles.
The main concern of an EV user is the issues related to charging and the scarcity of charging stations. This year the deployment of several other charging stations is necessary, and with the development of charging stations, the charging technology needs another layer of upgradation. Previously, BMW and Porsche revealed a fast charger to ensure a 100 km run of cars, only after the charging of three minutes. The demand of the EVs is high, but some hindrances still prevail which developers have to overcome in ensuing days to make these advanced cars more reliable and cost-effective.